Trajectories of Health-Related Quality of Life and Perceived Social Support Among People Living With HIV Undergoing Antiretroviral Treatment: Does Gender Matter?

Ewa Gruszczyńska , Marcin Rzeszutek

Abstract

The study examined the trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and perceived social support (PSS) among people living with HIV (PLWH), with a special focus on gender differences. The participants included 252 PLWH (18% female) undergoing antiretroviral therapy. HRQoL (WHO Quality of Life-BREF; WHOQOL Group, 1998) and PSS (Berlin Social Support Scales; Schulz and Schwarzer, 2003) were measured three times at six-month intervals. Using a univariate approach, three trajectories of HRQoL and four trajectories of PSS were identified. Gender and relationship status were significant covariates for PSS only, with overrepresentation of single women in the increasing trajectory. The dual trajectory approach revealed a match in the decrease of HRQoL and PSS, but only for 31% of the sample. In fact, decreasing PSS co-occurred with increasing as well as stable HRQoL. There was no significant gender effect in this regard. Although a clear correspondence for decreasing trajectories exists, the findings also highlight a discrepancy between HRQoL and PSS changes that are unrelated to gender
Author Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Marcin Rzeszutek
Marcin Rzeszutek,,
-
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol10
No1664
Pages1-9
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishhealth-related quality of life, perceived social support, people living with HIV, gender differences, latent class growth curve
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01664
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01664/full
Languageen angielski
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Trajectories of Health-Related Quality of Life.pdf 521.96 KB
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Oswiadczenie_E.Gruszczynska_publ.2019.pdf 113.4 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.006; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)
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