Trajectories of Health-Related Quality of Life and Perceived Social Support Among People Living With HIV Undergoing Antiretroviral Treatment: Does Gender Matter?
Ewa Gruszczyńska , Marcin Rzeszutek
AbstractThe study examined the trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and perceived social support (PSS) among people living with HIV (PLWH), with a special focus on gender differences. The participants included 252 PLWH (18% female) undergoing antiretroviral therapy. HRQoL (WHO Quality of Life-BREF; WHOQOL Group, 1998) and PSS (Berlin Social Support Scales; Schulz and Schwarzer, 2003) were measured three times at six-month intervals. Using a univariate approach, three trajectories of HRQoL and four trajectories of PSS were identified. Gender and relationship status were significant covariates for PSS only, with overrepresentation of single women in the increasing trajectory. The dual trajectory approach revealed a match in the decrease of HRQoL and PSS, but only for 31% of the sample. In fact, decreasing PSS co-occurred with increasing as well as stable HRQoL. There was no significant gender effect in this regard. Although a clear correspondence for decreasing trajectories exists, the findings also highlight a discrepancy between HRQoL and PSS changes that are unrelated to gender
|Journal series||Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||health-related quality of life, perceived social support, people living with HIV, gender differences, latent class growth curve|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.006; : 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)|
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