Social class and interpersonal trust: Partner's warmth, external threats and interpretations of trust betrayal

Katarzyna Samson , Tomasz Zaleśkiewicz

Abstract

The present research investigated the effects of social class on interpersonal trust. In a series of experiments, we showed how the contextualist socio-cognitive tendencies of the lower class and the solipsistic tendencies of the upper class were reflected in their trusting attitudes and behaviors. In Study 1 (N = 491), upper class individuals expressed the same levels of trust towards all partners, while lower class individuals adjusted their trust choices to the affect-rich information about their interaction partner and trusted warm partners more than cold partners. The results of Study 2 (N = 210) showed that when threatened, lower class individuals had generally less trusting attitudes, while upper class members were equally trusting as in a neutral situation. Study 3 (N = 200) revealed that upper class individuals explained a betrayal of their trust with dispositional factors to a higher degree than lower class individuals. We discuss how these differences contribute to perpetuating the disadvantage of the lower class.
Author Katarzyna Samson
Katarzyna Samson,,
-
, Tomasz Zaleśkiewicz (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Tomasz Zaleśkiewicz,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0046-2772, e-ISSN 1099-0992, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol50
No3
Pages634-645
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishinequality, social class, social cognition, socioeconomic status, trust
ASJC Classification3207 Social Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1002/ejsp.2648
Languageen angielski
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Zaleskiewicz_Oświadczenie.pdf 146.34 KB
Samson&Zaleskiewicz_trust.pdf 901.28 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.298; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.048 (2) - 2017=2.63 (5)
Citation count*1 (2020-09-22)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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