Social class and interpersonal trust: Partner's warmth, external threats and interpretations of trust betrayal
Katarzyna Samson , Tomasz Zaleśkiewicz
AbstractThe present research investigated the effects of social class on interpersonal trust. In a series of experiments, we showed how the contextualist socio-cognitive tendencies of the lower class and the solipsistic tendencies of the upper class were reflected in their trusting attitudes and behaviors. In Study 1 (N = 491), upper class individuals expressed the same levels of trust towards all partners, while lower class individuals adjusted their trust choices to the affect-rich information about their interaction partner and trusted warm partners more than cold partners. The results of Study 2 (N = 210) showed that when threatened, lower class individuals had generally less trusting attitudes, while upper class members were equally trusting as in a neutral situation. Study 3 (N = 200) revealed that upper class individuals explained a betrayal of their trust with dispositional factors to a higher degree than lower class individuals. We discuss how these differences contribute to perpetuating the disadvantage of the lower class.
|Journal series||European Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0046-2772, e-ISSN 1099-0992, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||inequality, social class, social cognition, socioeconomic status, trust|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.298; : 2017 = 2.048 (2) - 2017=2.63 (5)|
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