Hitting rock bottom? Resource loss as a predictor of alcoholism treatment completion
Ewa Gruszczyńska , Małgorzata Kaczmarek , Jan Chodkiewicz
AbstractAbstractBackground Efforts to better understand the phenomenon of the ‘bottom’, the beginning of the process of turning away from alcohol, are important for both theoretical and practical goals. The conservation of resources theory by Hobfoll may represent a suitable framework to base these attempts around. Aim The aim of the study was to examine the role of resource loss in completing alcoholism treatment on the basis of Hobfoll’s conservation of resources theory. Methods The study included 86 patients undergoing inpatient alcoholism treatment. An assessment of resource loss and gain during the previous year, as well as of the decisional balance regarding the pros and cons of drinking alcohol, took place at the beginning of therapy. Results The results of hierarchical binary logistic regression confirmed that resource loss was the only significant predictor of therapy completion, after adjustment for decisional balance, demographics and basic clinical data. Additionally, gender moderated the relationship between resource gain and therapy completion: while an increase in gain was related to a decreased chance of completing therapy in men, the opposite effect was noted in women. Conclusions Resource loss has more influence than decisional balance in predicting therapy completion, which can be translated into clinically valid recommendations based on gender differences.
|Journal series||Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Alcoholism treatment, decisional balance, gender differences, resource loss, resource gain|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 0.682; : 2016 = 1.406 (2) - 2016=1.648 (5)|
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