The Polish Social Enterprise Sector Vis-à-Vis the Welfare Regime: Following on the Solidarity Movement?
Ryszard Praszkier , Ewa Petrushak , Marta Kacprzyk-Murawska , Agata Zabłocka
AbstractThis paper presents the development of the enterprise sector and the welfare regime in Poland, dominated by two opposing trends originating from the country's recent history: remnants of the ``Communist welfare state'' and liberal tendencies that came after the political and economic transformation in 1989. The growing civil society that supplements a deficient welfare system finds its roots in the peaceful underground Solidarity movement of the 1980s which played a great role in liberating Poland. After the political turnover, the Solidarity's mission-driven approach not only survived, but also helped shape Poland's contemporary civil society. The outlined mechanisms seem to be significant for understanding the transformation of social economy and the welfare state concept in post-communist Europe. In our paper, we identify six mechanisms underlying the Solidarity movement, which, when subsequently implemented by social entrepreneurs, has guaranteed the success of their organizations. We will also characterize the current welfare state in Poland, as well as the role of social enterprises in filling the gaps and addressing the shortcomings of the welfare state. Several case studies will illustrate the latter.
|Journal series||VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 1573-7888, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Score||= 5.0, 15-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
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