An ecological systems model of trait resilience: Cross-cultural and clinical relevance

John Maltby , Liz Day , Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska , Jarosław Piotrowski , Hidefumi Hitokoto, , Tomasz Baran, , Ceri Jones, , Anjalee Chakravarty-Agbo, , Heather D. Flowe,

Abstract

The study explored how scores on the three dimensions of the Engineering, Ecological, and Adaptive Capacity (EEA) trait resilience scale, derived from Holling's ecological systems theory of resilience, demonstrate fit within higher-order bifactor models of measurement, cultural invariance, and associations with clinical caseness of affect. Three samples (295 US adults, and 179 Japanese and 251 Polish university students) completed the EEA trait resilience scale. In addition, a subsample of US adults were administered the Ten-Item Personality Inventory and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). Across all samples, a higher-order bifactor model provided the best fit of the data, with salience of loadings on the three group factors. A multi-group comparison found configural invariance, but neither metric nor scalar invariance, for EEA resilience scores across the three samples. Among the US sample, engineering and adaptive trait resilience scores predicted clinical caseness of depression, and adaptive trait resilience scores predicted clinical caseness of anxiety, after controlling for sex, age, income, education, employment, and personality. The findings suggest the cross-cultural replicability of the structure (but not the meaning) of the three-factor EEA measure of trait resilience, and its relevance for predicting clinical caseness of affect among a US sample.
Author John Maltby
John Maltby,,
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, Liz Day
Liz Day,,
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, Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska
Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska,,
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, Jarosław Piotrowski (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
Jarosław Piotrowski,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
, Hidefumi Hitokoto,
Hidefumi Hitokoto,,,
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, Tomasz Baran,
Tomasz Baran,,,
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, Ceri Jones,
Ceri Jones,,,
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, Anjalee Chakravarty-Agbo,
Anjalee Chakravarty-Agbo,,,
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, Heather D. Flowe,
Heather D. Flowe,,,
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Journal seriesPersonality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2016
Vol98
Pages96-101
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishResilience; Adaptation; Recovery; Depression; Anxiety; Psychometrics
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.100
URL www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886916302537
Languageen angielski
File
Piotrowski.J_an ecological_all_2016.pdf 234.4 KB
Score (nominal)35
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.183; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.005 (2) - 2016=2.4 (5)
Citation count*8 (2019-06-30)
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