Perceptions of Divine Figures Among Polish People Struggling with Homelessness or Alcohol Addiction

Aleksandra Niemyjska , Monika Szczepańska , Mirosław Kofta


This study aimed to investigate antecedents of positive perceptions of divine agents and the optimistic assumption that the world is meaningful, basically good and trustworthy, as found in Polish men and women who struggle with homelessness or alcohol addiction. In the largely understudied groups of people who were homeless (n = 111) or alcohol addicted (n = 120), we confirmed that communal orientation is a consistent precursor of beliefs in supernatural agents such as God, the Devil and angels, as well as positive perceptions of both God and guardian angels. The antecedents of basic trust varied across participant groups. However, among them were positive attitudes toward God, communal orientation, and a deferring problem-solving style. Additionally, we found asymmetric links between perceptions of divine agents and both duration of addiction and duration of therapy in the addicted group. The former was related to a less positive perception of guardian angels and less perceived collaboration with God, whereas the latter was linked to a more positive perception of angels and more collaboration with God in problem-solving. We discuss the significance of a positive concept of divine beings for people who are homeless or alcohol addicted.
Author Aleksandra Niemyjska (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Aleksandra Niemyjska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Monika Szczepańska
Monika Szczepańska,,
, Mirosław Kofta
Mirosław Kofta,,
Journal seriesInternational Journal for the Psychology of Religion, ISSN 1050-8619, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.9
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology; 1212 Religious studies
Languageen angielski
Niemyjska_Perceptions_2018.pdf 1.58 MB
Additional file
Niemyjska_afiliacja_Perceptions_2018.pdf 502.43 KB
Score (nominal)25
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.122; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.289 (2) - 2017=1.55 (5)
Citation count*1 (2021-01-09)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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