Concrete vs. Abstract Processing in Repetitive Negative Thinking: Distinct Functional Effects on Emotional Reactivity and Attentional Control

Monika Kornacka , Izabela Krejtz , Céline Douilliez

Abstract

Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is a transdiagnostic process linked to emotional regulation impairment and involved in mood, anxiety, eating disorders and addictions. Attentional disengagement impairment is one of the factors hypothesized to be responsible for the recurrent and uncontrollable character of RNT. The aim of the present study was to empirically test this hypothesis with evaluation of disengagement from negative and RNT-related stimuli separately. Sixty participants were randomly allocated to one of three experimental conditions: abstract RNT, concrete RNT, and control condition (distraction). The change in their negative affect (PANAS) and their attentional disengagement impairment (exogenous cueing task) were measured. The analysis revealed that participants in abstract RNT condition presented higher emotional reactivity comparing to concrete or distraction conditions. The results indicated no differences between induction conditions in attentional disengagement. However, participants after concrete RNT induction had longer mean response times in exogenous cueing task comparing to control induction suggesting that they detected presented stimuli slower than participants in control condition. The results raised an important, from clinical point of view, question of distinctive impact of two types of RNT on emotional reactivity and attentional processes
Author Monika Kornacka (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach)
Monika Kornacka,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach
, Izabela Krejtz (Wydział Psychologii)
Izabela Krejtz,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Céline Douilliez
Céline Douilliez,,
-
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol10
No1372
Pages1-12
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishrepetitive negative thinking, rumination, emotional reactivity, attentional control, attentional disengagement, dysphoria
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01372
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01372/full
Languageen angielski
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Concrete vs. Abstract Processing in Repetitive Negative Thinking Distinct Functional Effects on Emotional Reactivity and Attentional Control.pdf 557.52 KB
Additional file
Oswiadczenie_M.Kornacka_Concrete.pdf 25.32 KB
Oświadczenie_IKrejtz.pdf 756.83 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.03; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)
Citation count*2 (2020-07-06)
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