Measurement of Psychological Entitlement in 28 Countries
Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska , Jarosław Piotrowski , Jan Cieciuch , Rachel M. Calogero , Alain Van Hiel , Piergiorgio Argentero , Sergiu Bălţătescu , Tomasz Baran , Marcin Bukowski , Melania Chargazia , Clinton Amanda , Murnizam H. J. Halik , Dzintra Ilisko , Narine Khachatryan , Martina Klicperova-Baker , Jaroslav Kosta , Monika Kovacs , Eva Letovancova , Kadi Liik , Alison Marganski , Jaroslaw Michalowski , Iwo Nord , Elena Paspalanova , Pablo Perez de Leon , José Techera , Mariano Rojas , Joanna Rozycka , Aleksandra Sawicka , Beate Seibt , Iryna Semkiv , Habib Tiliouine , Ha Khanh Truong , Kees van den Bos , Eduardo Wills-Herrera
AbstractThis article presents the cross-cultural validation of the Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, a tool designed to measure three facets of psychological entitlement: active, passive, and revenge entitlement. Active entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect individual rights based on self-worthiness. Passive entitlement was defined as the belief in obligations to and expectations toward other people and institutions for the fulfillment of the individual’s needs. Revenge entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect one’s individual rights when violated by others and the tendency to reciprocate insults. The 15-item EAQ was validated in a series of three studies: the first one on a general Polish sample (N = 1,900), the second one on a sample of Polish students (N = 199), and the third one on student samples from 28 countries (N = 5,979). A three-factor solution was confirmed across all samples. Examination of measurement equivalence indicated partial metric invariance of EAQ for all national samples. Discriminant and convergent validity of the EAQ was also confirmed.
|Journal series||European Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||psychological entitlement, Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, cross-cultural research, measurement invariance|
|Publication indicators||: 2015 = 1.3; : 2015 = 1.969 (2) - 2015=2.132 (5)|
|Citation count*||30 (2021-03-02)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.