Measurement of Psychological Entitlement in 28 Countries

Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska , Jarosław Piotrowski , Jan Cieciuch , Rachel M. Calogero , Alain Van Hiel , Piergiorgio Argentero , Sergiu Bălţătescu , Tomasz Baran , Marcin Bukowski , Melania Chargazia , Clinton Amanda , Murnizam H. J. Halik , Dzintra Ilisko , Narine Khachatryan , Martina Klicperova-Baker , Jaroslav Kosta , Monika Kovacs , Eva Letovancova , Kadi Liik , Alison Marganski , Jaroslaw Michalowski , Iwo Nord , Elena Paspalanova , Pablo Perez de Leon , José Techera , Mariano Rojas , Joanna Rozycka , Aleksandra Sawicka , Beate Seibt , Iryna Semkiv , Habib Tiliouine , Ha Khanh Truong , Kees van den Bos , Eduardo Wills-Herrera


This article presents the cross-cultural validation of the Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, a tool designed to measure three facets of psychological entitlement: active, passive, and revenge entitlement. Active entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect individual rights based on self-worthiness. Passive entitlement was defined as the belief in obligations to and expectations toward other people and institutions for the fulfillment of the individual’s needs. Revenge entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect one’s individual rights when violated by others and the tendency to reciprocate insults. The 15-item EAQ was validated in a series of three studies: the first one on a general Polish sample (N = 1,900), the second one on a sample of Polish students (N = 199), and the third one on student samples from 28 countries (N = 5,979). A three-factor solution was confirmed across all samples. Examination of measurement equivalence indicated partial metric invariance of EAQ for all national samples. Discriminant and convergent validity of the EAQ was also confirmed.
Author Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska
Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska,,
, Jarosław Piotrowski (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
Jarosław Piotrowski,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
, Jan Cieciuch
Jan Cieciuch,,
, Rachel M. Calogero
Rachel M. Calogero,,
, Alain Van Hiel
Alain Van Hiel,,
, Piergiorgio Argentero
Piergiorgio Argentero,,
, Sergiu Bălţătescu
Sergiu Bălţătescu,,
, Tomasz Baran
Tomasz Baran,,
, Marcin Bukowski
Marcin Bukowski,,
, Melania Chargazia
Melania Chargazia,,
et al.`
Journal seriesEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in English psychological entitlement, Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, cross-cultural research, measurement invariance
ASJC Classification3202 Applied Psychology
Languageen angielski
Piotrowski_measurement of psychological entitlement_2015_all.png 417.5 KB
Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 1.3; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 1.969 (2) - 2015=2.132 (5)
Citation count*30 (2021-03-02)
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