Cognitive structuring and obedience toward authority

Tomasz Grzyb , Dariusz Doliński , Jakub Trojanowski , Yoram Bar-Tal

Abstract

For decades the classic Milgram studies have inspired psychologists to seek individual differences that impact the level of obedience to authority. In this article the authors propose a procedure in which obedience is examined in virtual reality, and they posit the hypothesis that an interaction of several factors determines obedience. The first is the match (or lack thereof) of the participant's and the learner's sex; the second is need for cognitive closure. Analysis of the result for the dichotomic variable (total obedience vs absence of total obedience) as well as the intervallic variable (level of obedience: from total absence to absolute) demonstrated that high level of need for closure influences obedience only in conditions where the participant and the learner are of the same sex. In addition, this effect was stronger for males than for females.
Author Tomasz Grzyb (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Tomasz Grzyb,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Dariusz Doliński (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Dariusz Doliński,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Jakub Trojanowski
Jakub Trojanowski,,
-
, Yoram Bar-Tal
Yoram Bar-Tal,,
-
Journal seriesPersonality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol133
Pages115-120
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishObedience toward authority, Virtual reality, Need for cognitive closure, Cognitive structuring
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.08.032
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886917305342
Languageen angielski
File
cognitive.pdf 6.26 MB
Additional file
67a. Doliński_oświadczenie.pdf 133.32 KB
Cognitive_oświadczenie_Grzyb.pdf 22.07 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.183; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.967 (2) - 2017=2.39 (5)
Citation count*5 (2020-09-24)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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