How much do leaders seek to be influenced? The concept of social influence in reverse in reverse

Andrzej Nowak , Agata Zabłocka , Ryszard Praszkier

Abstract

Purpose: Traditionally, the effects of social influence have been delineated in terms of “leaders” exerting influence over “followers.” Here we propose a new concept of social influence in which the leaders are influenced and, in fact, actively seek out that influence and build personal support networks that generate that influence. Approach: To examine the concept, we conducted both pilot (N=42) and main studies (N=113).The pilot study showed that leaders organize diverse support networks based on three major traits of the influence-givers: their competence, moral standards and creativity. Findings: The research confirmed that leaders cultivate five types of individual support networks or influence-providers: family and close friends, professional connections, colleagues and peers (mostly relating to leisure and entertainment), social engagement, and a local/neighborhood network. The research revealed several dependencies between the subjects’ occupation and their expectations from the influence-providers. We also documented that leaders seek basically two kinds of individual support: support from individuals from whom they expect low-order processed information, i.e., facts and data; (type A), and support from individuals from whom they expect high-order, processed information, i.e., opinions, advice, strategies and predictions; (type B). It also confirmed that selection of type A supporters is primarily based on competencies and type B supporters are typically selected based on moral standing and creativity. Implications: This article will empower leaders to better understand the value of their support networks, also to organize the flow of received information. Value/Originality: We are presenting an original concept of social influence in reverse, broadening the cognition of social influence in positive management
Author Andrzej Nowak
Andrzej Nowak,,
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, Agata Zabłocka (Wydział Psychologii)
Agata Zabłocka,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Ryszard Praszkier
Ryszard Praszkier,,
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Journal seriesJournal of Positive Management, ISSN 2083-103X, e-ISSN 2392-1412, (B 10 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol8
No4
Pages58-79
Publication size in sheets1.05
Keywords in English social influence, support networks, information flow, trust, competencies
DOIDOI:10.12775/17580
URL http://apcz.umk.pl/czasopisma/index.php/JPM/article/view/JPM.2017.131/15316
Languageen angielski
File
How much do leaders _A.Nowak_A.Zabłocka.pdf 225.38 KB
Additional file
Oświadczenie_ A. Zablocka.pdf 16.61 KB
Score (nominal)10
ScoreMinisterial score = 10.0, 15-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal
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