When the smile is not enough. The interactive role of smiling and facial characteristics in forming judgments about perceived trustworthiness and dominance
- Michał Olszanowski,
- Aleksandra Szymków-Sudziarska,
- Michał Parzuchowski
People often assess other people’s personality traits merely based on their emotional expression or the physical features of their faces. In this paper we review the evidence of biases when formulat- ing judgments of trustworthiness and confidence from two t ypes of facial characteristics. One line of evidence documents the influence of emotional expressions representing an individual’s motiva- tional state and reflecting agents’ intentions. People’s judgment about the trustworthiness or attrac- tiveness of others largely depends on the emotions expressed. The second line of evidence de- scribes how facial appearance (e.g., cues of physical strength or resemblance to one’s own face) affects the inferences of personality traits. The two experiments described in this p aper investi gated the interplay between these two factors (i.e., facial features and emotional expression) and their combined influence on social judgments. We hypothesized and tested how both facial features conveying trustworthiness (vs. dominance) and a smiling (vs. neutral) expression influence judg- ments of trustworthiness and confidence (Study 1). We also tested the influence of facial resem- blance in an interaction with a smiling individual when forming judgments (Study 2). We found that relatively st atic facial features conveying trust had more impact on judgments of trustworthi- ness than emotional expressions, yet emotional expressions seem to be more impactful for judg- ments of dominance. The results of both studies are discussed from a sociocognitive perspective.
- Record ID
- Journal series
- Roczniki Psychologiczne, ISSN 1507-7888
- Issue year
- Publication size in sheets
- Keywords in English
- face; facial features; smile; similarity; impression formation; judgments of trust worthiness; judgments of dominance.
- ASJC Classification
- DOI:10.18290/rpsych.2019.22 opening in a new tab
- https://doi.org/10.18290/rpsych.2019.22.1-3 opening in a new tab
- (en) English
- Score (nominal)
- Score source
- Publication indicators
- : 2018 = 0.079
- Uniform Resource Identifier
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