Sex Differences in Mate Preferences Across 45 Countries: A Large-Scale Replication
Kathryn V. Walter , Katarzyna Cantarero , Mohd Sofian Bin Omar-Fauzee , Edna Lύcia Tinoco Ponciano
AbstractConsiderable research has examined human mate preferences across cultures, finding universal sex differences in preferences for attractiveness and resources as well as sources of systematic cultural variation. Two competing perspectives—an evolutionary psychological perspective and a biosocial role perspective—offer alternative explanations for these findings. However, the original data on which each perspective relies are decades old, and the literature is fraught with conflicting methods, analyses, results, and conclusions. Using a new 45-country sample ( N = 14,399), we attempted to replicate classic studies and test both the evolutionary and biosocial role perspectives. Support for universal sex differences in preferences remains robust: Men, more than women, prefer attractive, young mates, and women, more than men, prefer older mates with financial prospects. Cross-culturally, both sexes have mates closer to their own ages as gender equality increases. Beyond age of partner, neither pathogen prevalence nor gender equality robustly predicted sex differences or preferences across countries.
|Collective author||Daniel Conroy-Beam , David M. Buss , Kelly Asao , Agnieszka Sorokowska , Piotr Sorokow.....|
|Journal series||Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, e-ISSN 1467-9280, (N/A 200 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.75|
|Keywords in English||mate preferences, sex differences, cross-cultural studies, evolutionary psychology, biosocial role theory, open data, preregistered|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 2.637; : 2017 = 6.128 (2) - 2017=7.37 (5)|
|Citation count*||23 (2021-01-18)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.