The STEM Graduate: Immediately after Graduation, Men and Women Already Differ in Job Outcomes, Attributions for Success, and Desired Job Characteristics

Katarzyna Jasko , Joanna Pyrkosz-Pacyna , Gabriela Czarnek , Karolina Dukała , Marta Szastok

Abstract

We examined the job outcomes of men and women who recently graduated from the same STEM majors in Poland (N = 8,082). The results demonstrated that women experienced more difficulties in finding a job, received fewer job offers, were less likely to find a job consistent with their education, and earned less money than men. Additionally, we examined the attributions that men and women made for their professional success and the characteristics that they sought in potential jobs. In comparison to men, women were less likely to attribute their success to stereotypically male characteristics and more likely to attribute their success to stereotypically female characteristics. Moreover, women were less likely than men to perceive agency-affording job characteristics (e.g., salary) as decisive features when making a decision about a job. The findings suggest that despite having the same educational background, the professional situations of male and female graduates differ.
Author Katarzyna Jasko
Katarzyna Jasko,,
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, Joanna Pyrkosz-Pacyna
Joanna Pyrkosz-Pacyna,,
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, Gabriela Czarnek
Gabriela Czarnek,,
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, Karolina Dukała
Karolina Dukała,,
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, Marta Szastok (Wydział Psychologii w Katowicach)
Marta Szastok,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Katowicach
Journal seriesJournal of Social Issues, ISSN 0022-4537, e-ISSN 1540-4560, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol76
No3
Pages512-542
Publication size in sheets1.5
ASJC Classification3300 General Social Sciences
DOIDOI:10.1111/josi.12392
Languageen angielski
File
kdukalathestem.pdf 489.7 KB
oswiadczenie k.dukala.pdf 300.03 KB
oświadczenie M. Szastok.pdf 42.64 KB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.351; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.225 (2) - 2017=3.261 (5)
Citation count*2 (2020-10-29)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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