Physical inactivity, cardiometabolic disease, and risk of dementia: an individual-participant meta-analysis

Mika Kivimäki , Archana Singh-Manoux , Jaana Pentti , Séverine Sabia , Solja T. Nyberg , Lars Alfredsson , Marcel Goldberg , Anders Knutsson , Markku Koskenvuo , Aki Koskinen , Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska , Maria Nordin , Tuula Oksanen , Timo Strandberg , Sakari Suominen , Töres Theorell , Jussi Vahtera , Ari Väänänen , Marianna Virtanen , Peter J. M. Westerholm , Hugo Westerlund , Marie Zins , Sudha Seshadri , G. David Batty , Pyry N Sipilä , Martin J Shipley , Joni V Lindbohm , Jane E. Ferrie , M. Jokela

Abstract

Objective To examine whether physical inactivity is a risk factor for dementia, with attention to the role of cardiometabolic disease in this association and reverse causation bias that arises from changes in physical activity in the preclinical (prodromal) phase of dementia. Design Meta-analysis of 19 prospective observational cohort studies. Data sources The Individual-Participant-Data Meta-analysis in Working Populations Consortium, the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research, and the UK Data Service, including a total of 19 of a potential 9741 studies. Review method The search strategy was designed to retrieve individual-participant data from prospective cohort studies. Exposure was physical inactivity; primary outcomes were incident all-cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease; and the secondary outcome was incident cardiometabolic disease (that is, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke). Summary estimates were obtained using random effects meta-analysis. Results Study population included 404 840 people (mean age 45.5 years, 57.7% women) who were initially free of dementia, had a measurement of physical inactivity at study entry, and were linked to electronic health records. In 6.0 million person-years at risk, we recorded 2044 incident cases of all-cause dementia. In studies with data on dementia subtype, the number of incident cases of Alzheimer’s disease was 1602 in 5.2 million person-years. When measured <10 years before dementia diagnosis (that is, the preclinical stage of dementia), physical inactivity was associated with increased incidence of all-cause dementia (hazard ratio 1.40, 95% confidence interval 1.23 to 1.71) and Alzheimer’s disease (1.36, 1.12 to 1.65). When reverse causation was minimised by assessing physical activity ≥10 years before dementia onset, no difference in dementia risk between physically active and inactive participants was observed (hazard ratios 1.01 (0.89 to 1.14) and 0.96 (0.85 to 1.08) for the two outcomes). Physical inactivity was consistently associated with increased risk of incident diabetes (hazard ratio 1.42, 1.25 to 1.61), coronary heart disease (1.24, 1.13 to 1.36), and stroke (1.16, 1.05 to 1.27). Among people in whom cardiometabolic disease preceded dementia, physical inactivity was non-significantly associated with dementia (hazard ratio for physical activity assessed >10 before dementia onset 1.30, 0.79 to 2.14). Conclusions In analyses that addressed bias due to reverse causation, physical inactivity was not associated with all-cause dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, although an indication of excess dementia risk was observed in a subgroup of physically inactive individuals who developed cardiometabolic disease.
Author Mika Kivimäki
Mika Kivimäki,,
-
, Archana Singh-Manoux
Archana Singh-Manoux,,
-
, Jaana Pentti
Jaana Pentti,,
-
, Séverine Sabia
Séverine Sabia,,
-
, Solja T. Nyberg
Solja T. Nyberg,,
-
, Lars Alfredsson
Lars Alfredsson,,
-
, Marcel Goldberg
Marcel Goldberg,,
-
, Anders Knutsson
Anders Knutsson,,
-
, Markku Koskenvuo
Markku Koskenvuo,,
-
, Aki Koskinen
Aki Koskinen,,
-
et al.`
Journal seriesBMJ-British Medical Journal, ISSN 1756-1833, (N/A 200 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol365
No8199
Pages1-12
Publication size in sheets0.55
Article numberl1495
ASJC Classification2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1136/bmj.l1495
Languageen angielski
Additional file
Physical_tekst.pdf 939.25 KB
Physical_oswiadczenie.pdf 669.94 KB
Score (nominal)200
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 27.604 (2) - 2018=24.546 (5)
Citation count*
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?