Are you smiling, or have I seen you before? Familiarity makes faces look happier

Evan W. Carr , Timothy F. Brady , Piotr Winkielman

Abstract

It is clear that unreinforced repetition (familiarization) influences affective responses to social stimuli, but its effects on the perception of facial emotion are unknown. Reporting the results of two experiments, we show for the first time that repeated exposure enhances the perceived happiness of facial expressions. In Experiment 1, using a paradigm in which subjects’ responses were orthogonal to happiness in order to avoid response biases, we found that faces of individuals who had previously been shown were deemed happier than novel faces. In Experiment 2, we replicated this effect with a rapid “happy or angry” categorization task. Using psychometric function fitting, we found that for subjects to classify a face as happy, they needed less actual happiness to be present in the face if the target was familiar than if it was novel. Critically, our results suggest that familiar faces appear happier than novel faces because familiarity selectively enhances the impact of positive stimulus features
Author Evan W. Carr
Evan W. Carr,,
-
, Timothy F. Brady
Timothy F. Brady,,
-
, Piotr Winkielman (Wydział Psychologii)
Piotr Winkielman,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesPsychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol28
Pages1087-1102
Publication size in sheets0.75
Keywords in Englishfamiliarity, affect, perception, facial expressions, exposure
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1177/0956797617702003
URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0956797617702003
Languageen angielski
Additional file
Oswiadczenie_Winkielman_Are you smiling.pdf 112.52 KB
Score (nominal)45
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 2.833; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 6.128 (2) - 2017=7.37 (5)
Citation count*17 (2020-12-01)
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?