Preparedness for Mass Gatherings: Factors to Consider According to the Rescue Authorities

Anssi Koski , Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska , Hilla Sumanen


Background: Mass gatherings cause a need for multi-authority preparedness in order to ensure the safety of the event participants and to minimize delays in response for emergencies. Rescue authorities are key players in the pre-planning phase; however, their own point of view regarding all aspects of preparedness for mass gatherings is not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate what factors, according to the rescue authorities, need to be considered when preparing for mass gatherings. Method: Semi-structured thematic interviews were carried out with the rescue authorities involved in the mass gathering planning process (n = 15). The transcribed material was analyzed using inductive content analysis. Results: Three main categories emerged from the interviews: (1) co-operation in the pre-planning phase, (2) factors to be noted in the emergency plan, and (3) actions during the event. These categories were divided into 11 generic categories, which were further divided into 42 sub-categories. Conclusion: Rescue authorities recognized various factors considering preparedness for mass gatherings. Knowledge considering the dispersion of operative workload during the event needs further investigation in order to facilitate the effective use of limited operative resources.
Author Anssi Koski
Anssi Koski,,
, Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska (Filia we Wrocławiu)
Anne Kouvonen Piotrowska,,
- Filia we Wrocławiu
, Hilla Sumanen
Hilla Sumanen,,
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.7
Article number1361
Keywords in Englishpreparedness; mass gatherings; emergency medical services; rescue service; fire service; large crowd events; event organizers
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Languageen angielski
Preparedness_oswiadczenie.pdf 665.92 KB
Preparedness_tekst.pdf 1.68 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.129; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.468 (2) - 2018=2.948 (5)
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