Effects of Age and Initial Risk Perception on Balloon Analogue Risk Task: The Mediating Role of Processing Speed and Need for Cognitive Closure

Maciej Koscielniak , Klara Rydzewska , Grzegorz Sędek

Abstract

According to the dual-process theoretical perspective adopted in the presented research, the efficiency of deliberative processes in decision making declines with age, but experiential processes are relatively well-preserved. The age-related differences in deliberative and experiential processes in risky decision-making were examined in this research by applying the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART). We analyzed the influence of age on risk acceptance and decision-making performance in two age groups of female participants (younger adults, n = 81; older adults, n = 76), with additional experimental manipulation of initial risk perception. We predicted and confirmed that aging significantly worsens performance on the behavioral BART measures due to age-related decline in deliberative processes. Older participants were found to exhibit significantly higher risk aversion and lower BART performance, and the effect of age was mediated by cognitive (processing speed) and motivational (need for cognitive closure) mechanisms. Moreover, older adults adapt to the initial failure (vs. success) similarly, as younger adults due to preserved efficiency of experiential processes. These results suggest future directions for minimizing negative effects of aging in risky decision-making and indicate compensatory processes, which are preserved during aging.
Author Maciej Koscielniak
Maciej Koscielniak,,
-
, Klara Rydzewska (WP)
Klara Rydzewska,,
- Faculty of Psychology
, Grzegorz Sędek (Wydział Psychologii)
Grzegorz Sędek,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2016
Vol7
No659
Publication size in sheets0
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00659
URL http://www.frontiersin.org/cognition/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00659/abstract
Languageen angielski
File
Koscielniak Rydzewska Sedek 2016.pdf 650.84 KB
Additional file
2017-03-14-10-29-19-868.pdf 19.92 KB
baza wiedzy KR.pdf 315.36 KB
Score (nominal)35
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.006; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.323 (2) - 2016=2.822 (5)
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