Do Parent–Child Dyads with Excessive Body Mass Differ from Dyads with Normal Body Mass in Perceptions of Obesogenic Environment?

Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska , Anna Banik , Ewa Kuliś , Monika Boberska , Theda Radtke , Carina K. Y. Chan , Karolina Łobczowska , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska

Abstract

Background: This study addressed differences between parent–child dyads with excessive body mass (overweight or obesity) and dyads with normal body mass in obesity determinants, derived from social-ecological models. It was hypothesized that parents and their 5–11 years-old children with excessive body mass would (1) report lower availability of healthy food at home, (2) perceive fewer school/local community healthy eating promotion programs, (3) report lower persuasive value of food advertising. Methods: Data were collected twice (T1, baseline; T2, 10-month follow-up), including n = 129 parent–child dyads with excessive body mass and n = 377 parent–child dyads with normal body mass. Self-reported data were collected from parents and children; with body weight and height assessed objectively. General linear models (including analysis of variance with repeated measures) were performed to test the hypotheses. Results: Compared to dyads with normal body mass, dyads of parents and children with excessive body mass perceived lower availability of healthy food at home and fewer healthy eating promotion programs at school/local community (T1 and T2). These effects remained significant after controlling for sociodemographic variables. No significant differences in persuasive value of food advertising were found. Conclusions: Perceptions of availability of healthy food at home and healthy nutrition promotion may be relatively low in parent–child dyads with excessive weight which, in turn, may constitute a risk factor for maintenance of obesity.
Author Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Anna Banik (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anna Banik,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Ewa Kuliś (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Ewa Kuliś,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Monika Boberska (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Monika Boberska,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Theda Radtke
Theda Radtke,,
-
, Carina K. Y. Chan
Carina K. Y. Chan,,
-
, Karolina Łobczowska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Łobczowska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie
Journal seriesNutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol12
No7
Pages1-18
Publication size in sheets0.85
Article number2149
Keywords in Englishchildhood obesity; parent–child dyads; food availability; advertising; healthy diet; promotion programs
ASJC Classification1106 Food Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/nu12072149
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/7/2149
Languageen angielski
File
Do Parent_tekst.pdf 284.65 KB
Do Parent_Oswiadczenei_ABanik2.jpeg 362.95 KB
Do Parent_Oswiadczenie_ALuszczynska.pdf 362.38 KB
Do Parent_Oswiadczenie_Lobczowska.pdf 368.01 KB
oswiadczenie-boberska.pdf 517.16 KB
oswiadczenie-zarychta.pdf 554.53 KB
oswiadczenie-Kulis.pdf 589.45 KB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.392; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.171 (2) - 2018=4.813 (5)
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