How many things do you (like to) do at once? The relationship between need for closure and multitasking preference and behavior

Ewa Szumowska , Agnieszka Popławska-Boruc , Małgorzata Kossowska


Nowadays, multitasking has become an integral part of everyday life. However, not everyone enjoys multitasking and there are some who prefer working on tasks sequentially. In this paper, we argue that need for cognitive closure (NFC), a motivational tendency to avoid ambiguity and uncertainty via a rigid processing style, is a variable related to lower willingness to engage in multitasking. Across three samples, we found that NFC was negatively related to multitasking preference (Study 1). In Study 2, we found that NFC negatively predicted self-reported multitasking behavior. Study 3 additionally showed that NFC negatively predicted multitasking behavior operationalized as the number of switches between tasks in a multiple media task. Implications for peoples' well-being and performance are discussed.
Author Ewa Szumowska
Ewa Szumowska,,
, Agnieszka Popławska-Boruc (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Agnieszka Popławska-Boruc,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Małgorzata Kossowska
Małgorzata Kossowska,,
Journal seriesPersonality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishNeed for closure; Multitasking; Multitasking preference; Multitasking behavior; Task switching
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
Multitasking_Popławska Boruc_Kossowska_2018.pdf 970.79 KB
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Popławska Boruc_ośw_Multitaksing 2018.jpg 454.41 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.183; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.967 (2) - 2017=2.39 (5)
Citation count*4 (2021-03-02)
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