Polska adaptacja i walidacja krótkiej wersji Kwestionariusza Schematów Younga (YSQ-S3-PL)

Justyna Oettingen , Jan Chodkiewicz , Dorota Mącik , Ewa Gruszczyńska


Aim. The aim of the study was to prepare the Polish adaptation of the Young Schema Questionnaire S3-PL. The scale is a self-assessment tool designed to measure 18 early maladaptive schemas. Method. The sample consists of 1,529 adults (927 women and 585 men), aged 18–85 years (mean age was 32 years), from non-clinical groups. Results. After language validation the internal consistency was assessed. The Cronbach’s alpha ranged from 0.62 (Entitlement/grandiosity) to 0.81 (Failure), and it was 0.96 for total score. The best solution obtained in exploratory factor analysis was an eight-factor model, instead of the assumed 18-factor structure. Confirmatory factor analysis also did not fully supported Young’s theoretical model. From all the tested models, bi-factor model (i.e., one generic factor and correlated specific factors – schemas) fitted the data best. In accordance with this model schema variance is explained concurrently by generic and specific factors; generic factor explains most of the Defectiveness variance, while only slightly – Self-sacrifice variance. Convergent validity analysis confirmes positive medium correlations with scales measuring psychopathology. Similarly, negative correlations with self-efficacy and optimism indicate good divergent validity. Conclusions. The psychometric characteristics of the Polish adaptation of the YSQ-S3- PL is similar to those reported for other language versions. The results allow to recommend the method for scientific research. However, using it in therapeutic practice needs caution – especially in the case of clinical diagnosis. Further analyses are necessary to assess criterion validity and discriminative power in clinical settings
Author Justyna Oettingen
Justyna Oettingen,,
, Jan Chodkiewicz
Jan Chodkiewicz,,
, Dorota Mącik
Dorota Mącik,,
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Other language title versionsPolish adaptation of the The Young Schema Questionnaire 3 Short Form (YSQ-S3-PL)
Journal seriesPsychiatria Polska, ISSN 0033-2674, e-ISSN 2391-5854 , (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Polish wczesne nieadaptacyjne schematy, Kwestionariusz Schematów Younga YSQ-S3-PL, polska adaptacja
Keywords in English Early Maladaptive Schemas, Young Schema Questionnaire YSQ-S3-PL, Polish adaptation
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 2700 General Medicine
URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320316548_Polish_adaptation_of_the_The_Young_Schema_Questionnaire_3_Short_Form_YSQ-S3-PL
Languagepl polski
Polish adaptation of the The Young Schema Questionnaire 3 Short Form (YSQ-S3-PL).pdf 477.04 KB
Additional file
Oswiadczenie_E.Gruszczynska.pdf 21.52 KB
Score (nominal)15
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.566; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.196 (2) - 2017=0.905 (5)
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