Neural Signatures of Rational and Heuristic Choice Strategies: A Single Trial ERP Analysis
Szymon Wichary , Mikołaj Magnuski , Tomasz Oleksy , Aneta Brzezicka
AbstractIn multi-attribute choice, people use heuristics to simplify decision problems. We studied the use of heuristic and rational strategies and their electrophysiological correlates. Since previous work linked the P3 ERP component to attention and decision making, we were interested whether the amplitude of this component is associated with decision strategy use. To this end, we recorded EEG when participants performed a two-alternative choice task, where they could acquire decision cues in a sequential manner and use them to make choices. We classified participants’ choices as consistent with a rational Weighted Additive rule (WADD) or a simple heuristic Take The Best (TTB). Participants differed in their preference for WADD and TTB. Using a permutation-based single trial approach, we analyzed EEG responses to consecutive decision cues and their relation to the individual strategy preference. The preference for WADD over TTB was associated with overall higher signal amplitudes to decision cues in the P3 time window. Moreover, the preference for WADD was associated with similar P3 amplitudes to consecutive cues, whereas the preference for TTB was associated with substantial decreases in P3 amplitudes to consecutive cues. We also found that the preference for TTB was associated with enhanced N1 component to cues that discriminated decision alternatives, suggesting very early attention allocation to such cues by TTB users. Our results suggest that preference for either WADD or TTB has an early neural signature reflecting differences in attentional weighting of decision cues. In light of recent findings and hypotheses regarding P3, we interpret these results as indicating the involvement of catecholamine arousal systems in shaping predecisional information processing and strategy selection.
|Journal series||Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||decision making, heuristics, strategy selection, P3, EEG/ERP|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.113; : 2017 = 2.871 (2) - 2017=4.022 (5)|
|Citation count*||10 (2021-02-27)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.