The Impact of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease on Related Disability in Older Irish Adults

Sharon M. Cruise , John Hughes , Kathleen Bennett , Anne Kouvonen , Frank Kee

Abstract

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD)–related disability (hereafter also “disability”) and the impact of CHD risk factors on disability in older adults in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) and Northern Ireland (NI). Method: Population attributable fractions were calculated using risk factor relative risks and disability prevalence derived from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing and the Northern Ireland Health Survey. Results: Disability was significantly lower in ROI (4.1% vs. 8.8%). Smoking and diabetes prevalence rates, and the fraction of disability that could be attributed to smoking (ROI: 6.6%; NI: 6.1%), obesity (ROI: 13.8%; NI: 11.3%), and diabetes (ROI: 6.2%; NI: 7.2%), were comparable in both countries. Physical inactivity (31.3% vs. 54.8%) and depression (10.2% vs. 17.6%) were lower in ROI. Disability attributable to depression (ROI: 16.3%; NI: 25.2%) and physical inactivity (ROI: 27.5%; NI: 39.9%) was lower in ROI. Discussion: Country-specific similarities and differences in the prevalence of disability and associated risk factors will inform public health and social care policy in both countries.
Author Sharon M. Cruise
Sharon M. Cruise,,
-
, John Hughes
John Hughes,,
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, Kathleen Bennett
Kathleen Bennett,,
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, Anne Kouvonen (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Anne Kouvonen,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Frank Kee
Frank Kee,,
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Journal seriesJournal of Aging and Health, ISSN 0898-2643, e-ISSN 1552-6887, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol31
No1
Pages165-184
Keywords in Englishcoronary heart disease, disability, risk factors, relative risk, population attributable fractions (PAFs)
ASJC Classification2717 Geriatrics and Gerontology; 2905 Community and Home Care; 2909 Gerontology
DOIDOI:10.1177/0898264317726242
URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0898264317726242?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
Languageen angielski
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57. Kouvonen_Cruise et al J Aging Health 2017.pdf 416.53 KB
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57a. Kouvonen_Cruise et al J Aging Health 2017_oświadczenie.pdf 272.77 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.126; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.134 (2) - 2017=2.501 (5)
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