Psychological Maladjustment Mediates the Relation Between Remembrances of Parental Rejection in Childhood and Adults’ Fear of Intimacy: A Multicultural Study

Ronald P. Rohner , Anna Filus , Tatiana Melendez-Rhodes , Behire Kuyumcu , Francisco Machado , Joanna Roszak , Sadiq Hussain , Yun-Joo Chyung , Vincenzo P. Senese , Saeede Daneshmandi , Brien K. Ashdown , Theodoros Giovazolias , Renata Glavak-Tkalić , Siyi Chen , M. Kamal Uddin , Scott Harris , Nilgun Gregory , Marisalva Fávero , Samar Zahra , Julie Lee , Maria C. Miranda , Zahra Izadikhah , Carrie M. Brown , Artemis Giotsa , Anita Vulić-Prtorić , Xuan Li , Abdul Khaleque , Gülçin Karadeniz , Márcia Machado , Sana Gul , Dario Bacchini , Amanda N. Faherty , Andrea Zoroja , Rumana Aktar , Raffaella Perrella , Abigail A. Camden , M. Alamgir Hossain , Kishor Roy

Abstract

This study assesses interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory’s (IPARTheory’s) prediction that adults’ (both men’s and women’s) remembrances of parental (both maternal and paternal) rejection in childhood are likely to be associated with adults’ fear of intimacy, as mediated by adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety. The study also assesses the prediction that these associations will not vary significantly by gender, ethnicity, language, culture, or other such defining conditions. To test these predictions a sample of 3,483 young adults in 13 nations responded to the mother and father versions of the Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (short forms), Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (short form), the Interpersonal Relationship Anxiety Questionnaire, the Fear of Intimacy Scale, and the Revised Personal Information Form. Results of multigroup analyses showed that adults’ remembrances of both maternal and paternal rejection in childhood independently predicted men’s and women’s fear of intimacy in all 13 countries. However, remembered maternal rejection was a significantly stronger predictor of adults’ fear of intimacy than was remembered paternal rejection. Results also confirmed the prediction in all 13 countries and across both genders that both maternal and paternal rejection independently predicted adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety, which in turn predicted fear of intimacy. In addition, psychological maladjustment partially mediated the relation between remembrances of maternal and paternal rejection, and adults’ fear of intimacy in all 13 countries and both genders
Author Ronald P. Rohner
Ronald P. Rohner,,
-
, Anna Filus
Anna Filus,,
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, Tatiana Melendez-Rhodes
Tatiana Melendez-Rhodes,,
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, Behire Kuyumcu
Behire Kuyumcu,,
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, Francisco Machado
Francisco Machado,,
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, Joanna Roszak (Wydział Psychologii)
Joanna Roszak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Sadiq Hussain
Sadiq Hussain,,
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, Yun-Joo Chyung
Yun-Joo Chyung,,
-
, Vincenzo P. Senese
Vincenzo P. Senese,,
-
, Saeede Daneshmandi
Saeede Daneshmandi,,
-
et al.`
Journal seriesCross-Cultural Research, ISSN 1069-3971, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol53
No5
Pages508-542
Publication size in sheets1.7
Keywords in Englishparental rejection, fear of intimacy, psychological maladjustment, interpersonal anxiety, interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory), gender
Keywords in original languageparental rejection, fear of intimacy, psychological maladjustment, interpersonal anxiety, interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory), gender
ASJC Classification3201 Psychology (miscellaneous); 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3314 Anthropology
Abstract in original languageThis study assesses interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory’s (IPARTheory’s) prediction that adults’ (both men’s and women’s) remembrances of parental (both maternal and paternal) rejection in childhood are likely to be associated with adults’ fear of intimacy, as mediated by adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety. The study also assesses the prediction that these associations will not vary significantly by gender, ethnicity, language, culture, or other such defining conditions. To test these predictions a sample of 3,483 young adults in 13 nations responded to the mother and father versions of the Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (short forms), Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (short form), the Interpersonal Relationship Anxiety Questionnaire, the Fear of Intimacy Scale, and the Revised Personal Information Form. Results of multigroup analyses showed that adults’ remembrances of both maternal and paternal rejection in childhood independently predicted men’s and women’s fear of intimacy in all 13 countries. However, remembered maternal rejection was a significantly stronger predictor of adults’ fear of intimacy than was remembered paternal rejection. Results also confirmed the prediction in all 13 countries and across both genders that both maternal and paternal rejection independently predicted adults’ psychological maladjustment and relationship anxiety, which in turn predicted fear of intimacy. In addition, psychological maladjustment partially mediated the relation between remembrances of maternal and paternal rejection, and adults’ fear of intimacy in all 13 countries and both genders
DOIDOI:10.1177/1069397118822992
URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1069397118822992
Languageen angielski
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Psychological Maladjustment Mediates the Relation Between Remembrances of Parental Rejection in Childhood and Adults.pdf 459.86 KB
Psychological maladjustment.pdf 105.29 KB
Additional file
Oswiadczenie_A.Roszak_Psychological Maladjustment Mediates.pdf 78.28 KB
Score (nominal)70
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 15-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.75; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 0.975 (2) - 2017=1.592 (5)
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