Perceptions of Physical Activity Promotion, Transportation Support, Physical Activity, and Body Mass: an Insight into Parent-Child Dyadic Processes
Karolina Horodyska , Monika Boberska , Magdalena Kruk , Zofia Szczuka , John Wiggers , Luke Wolfenden , Urte Scholz , Theda Radtke , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska
AbstractBackground Socio-ecological models indicate that family, school, and community environment explains children’s physical activity and body weight. This study investigated whether parental perceptions of school/community-based physical activity (PA) promotion programs as well as parental and child perceptions of parental instrumental support for child PA (transportation provision) would predict child body weight. Child moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was hypothesized to mediate these associations. Method Data of 879 parent-child dyads were collected at two measurement points: the baseline (T1) and the 7–8-month followup (T2). Parents were 23–68 years old (83.3% women), while children were 5–11 years old (52.4% girls). Parents and children reported their perceptions of environment, support (T1), and MVPA (T1, T2). Parental and child body weight and height were measured objectively (T1, T2). Results Path analyses indicated indirect effects of parental perceptions of school/community-based PA policies (T1) and parental perceptions of transportation provision (T1) on child body weight (T2), with child MVPA (T2) operating as the mediator. There were no direct or indirect effects of child perceptions of parental transportation provision (T1) on child MVPA or body weight (T2). Similar patterns of associations were found for the total sample and the subsample of children with overweight/obesity. Conclusion Parental perceptions of school/community-based PA policies and transportation provision may explain changes in child MVPA and body weight. Interventions aimed at prevention of child overweight/obesity may benefit from a focus on parental transportation provision to PA facilities and parental awareness of PA promotion at local environment.
|Journal series||International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Childhood obesity ; Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity ; Health promotion ; Instrumental social support|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 0.971; : 2017 = 2.012 (2) - 2017=2.259 (5)|
|Citation count*||5 (2021-02-27)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.