Perceptions of Physical Activity Promotion, Transportation Support, Physical Activity, and Body Mass: an Insight into Parent-Child Dyadic Processes

Karolina Horodyska , Monika Boberska , Magdalena Kruk , Zofia Szczuka , John Wiggers , Luke Wolfenden , Urte Scholz , Theda Radtke , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska

Abstract

Background Socio-ecological models indicate that family, school, and community environment explains children’s physical activity and body weight. This study investigated whether parental perceptions of school/community-based physical activity (PA) promotion programs as well as parental and child perceptions of parental instrumental support for child PA (transportation provision) would predict child body weight. Child moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was hypothesized to mediate these associations. Method Data of 879 parent-child dyads were collected at two measurement points: the baseline (T1) and the 7–8-month followup (T2). Parents were 23–68 years old (83.3% women), while children were 5–11 years old (52.4% girls). Parents and children reported their perceptions of environment, support (T1), and MVPA (T1, T2). Parental and child body weight and height were measured objectively (T1, T2). Results Path analyses indicated indirect effects of parental perceptions of school/community-based PA policies (T1) and parental perceptions of transportation provision (T1) on child body weight (T2), with child MVPA (T2) operating as the mediator. There were no direct or indirect effects of child perceptions of parental transportation provision (T1) on child MVPA or body weight (T2). Similar patterns of associations were found for the total sample and the subsample of children with overweight/obesity. Conclusion Parental perceptions of school/community-based PA policies and transportation provision may explain changes in child MVPA and body weight. Interventions aimed at prevention of child overweight/obesity may benefit from a focus on parental transportation provision to PA facilities and parental awareness of PA promotion at local environment.
Author Karolina Horodyska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Horodyska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Monika Boberska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Monika Boberska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Magdalena Kruk (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Magdalena Kruk,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Zofia Szczuka (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Zofia Szczuka,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, John Wiggers
John Wiggers,,
-
, Luke Wolfenden
Luke Wolfenden,,
-
, Urte Scholz
Urte Scholz,,
-
, Theda Radtke
Theda Radtke,,
-
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol26
No3
Pages255-265
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishChildhood obesity ; Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity ; Health promotion ; Instrumental social support
ASJC Classification3202 Applied Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1007/s12529-019-09780-9
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-019-09780-9
Languageen angielski
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Perceptions of physical_tekst.pdf 460.94 KB
Additional file
Perceptions of physical_oswiadczenie_Luszczynska.pdf 548.95 KB
Perceptions of physical_oswiadczenie_Boberska.pdf 22.05 KB
Perceptions of physical_oswiadczenie_Kruk.pdf 26.85 KB
Perceptions of physical_oswiadczenie_Szczuka.pdf 21.92 KB
Perceptions of physical_oswiadczenie_Horodyska.pdf 758.86 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.971; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.012 (2) - 2017=2.259 (5)
Citation count*5 (2020-11-26)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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