Civil Society and Three Dimensions of Inequality in Post-1989 Poland

Michał Wenzel , Grzegorz Ekiert , Jan Kubik


This article presents three novel arguments regarding the role of civil society in the democratic transformation of Poland. First, under communism, associational life was neither extinct nor always totally controlled by the state. Over time, organizations managed to achieve a modicum of autonomy. The massive Solidarity movement left a legacy of civic engagement that greatly influenced post-1989 developments. Second, inequality under state socialism needs to be treated comprehensively. While the level of income inequality was modest, economic inequality was more pronounced (privileges of the communist party elites). Civic and political inequalities were acute. All three forms of inequality generated discontent and mobilization. Third, after 1989, civil society has become an institutional vehicle for virtually eliminating political inequality, advancing civic equality, and controlling the growth of economic inequality.
Author Michał Wenzel (Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych i Społecznych)
Michał Wenzel,,
- Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych i Społecznych
, Grzegorz Ekiert
Grzegorz Ekiert,,
, Jan Kubik
Jan Kubik,,
Journal seriesComparative Politics, ISSN 0010-4159, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.95
ASJC Classification3312 Sociology and Political Science
Languageen angielski
M. Wenzel Civil Society and three Dimensions of Inequality on Post-1989 Poland oświadczenie.pdf 188.24 KB
M. Wenzel Civil Society and three Dimensions of Inequality on Post-1989 Poland ART.pdf 678.04 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.309; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.377 (2) - 2017=2.288 (5)
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