Civil Society and Three Dimensions of Inequality in Post-1989 Poland
Michał Wenzel , Grzegorz Ekiert , Jan Kubik
AbstractThis article presents three novel arguments regarding the role of civil society in the democratic transformation of Poland. First, under communism, associational life was neither extinct nor always totally controlled by the state. Over time, organizations managed to achieve a modicum of autonomy. The massive Solidarity movement left a legacy of civic engagement that greatly influenced post-1989 developments. Second, inequality under state socialism needs to be treated comprehensively. While the level of income inequality was modest, economic inequality was more pronounced (privileges of the communist party elites). Civic and political inequalities were acute. All three forms of inequality generated discontent and mobilization. Third, after 1989, civil society has become an institutional vehicle for virtually eliminating political inequality, advancing civic equality, and controlling the growth of economic inequality.
|Journal series||Comparative Politics, ISSN 0010-4159, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.309; : 2017 = 1.377 (2) - 2017=2.288 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.