Suicidal thoughts in persons treated for alcohol dependence: The role of selected demographic and clinical factors

Marcin Ziółkowski , Damian Czarnecki , Jan Chodkiewicz , Krzysztof Gąsior , Artur Juczyński , Agata Biedrzycka , Ewa Gruszczyńska , Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagała


Greater knowledge is needed of potential predictive factors for suicide in cases of alcohol addiction. Therefore, the aim of the study was to identify the socio-demographic variables and clinical factors associated with alcohol dependence which may have an influence on the occurrence of suicidal thoughts in alcohol-dependent patients. A group of 510 patients (396 male and 114 female) diagnosed with alcohol dependence syndrome were interviewed during the third week of therapy according to the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS) and the Short Alcohol Dependence Data Questionnaire (SADD). Socio-demographic data was also collected. The results of a binary logistic regression with suicidal thoughts as a dependent variable show that 63 out of the 510 participants (12% of the sample) reported the presence of suicidal thoughts. Alcohol dependence and alcohol craving appear to increase the likelihood of suicidal thoughts, and participants presenting psychiatric disorders were twice as likely to demonstrate suicidal ideation as those who did not. Alcohol dependence, alcohol craving and psychiatric comorbidity may be regarded as risk factors for suicidal ideation in the studied sample, with the only protective factor being living in a relationship.
Author Marcin Ziółkowski
Marcin Ziółkowski,,
, Damian Czarnecki
Damian Czarnecki,,
, Jan Chodkiewicz
Jan Chodkiewicz,,
, Krzysztof Gąsior
Krzysztof Gąsior,,
, Artur Juczyński
Artur Juczyński,,
, Agata Biedrzycka
Agata Biedrzycka,,
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagała
Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagała,,
Journal seriesPsychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishSuicidal thoughts, Alcohol dependence, Socio-demographic and clinical variables
ASJC Classification2803 Biological Psychiatry; 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Languageen angielski
10.1016@j.psychres.2017.08.089.pdf 670.73 KB
Additional file
Osw_dr_Gruszczynska.pdf 340.85 KB
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.927; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.223 (2) - 2017=2.572 (5)
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