I believe, therefore I achieve (and vice versa): A meta-analytic cross-lagged panel analysis of self-efficacy and academic performance

Kate Talsma , Benjamin Schüz , Ralf Schwarzer , Kimberly Norris


Abstract Self-efficacy has long been viewed as an important determinant of academic performance. A counter-position is that self-efficacy is merely a reflection of past performance. Research in the area is limited by unidirectional designs which cannot address reciprocity or the comparative strength of directional effects. This systematic review and meta-analysis considered both directions of the relationship simultaneously, pooling data from longitudinal studies measuring both academic self-efficacy and academic performance over two waves. Pooled correlations (k = 11, N = 2688) were subjected to cross-lagged path analysis that provided support for a reciprocal effects model. Performance had a net positive effect on subsequent self-efficacy (β = 0.205, p < 0.001), significantly larger than the effect of self-efficacy on performance (β = 0.071, p < 0.001). Moderator analyses indicated that reciprocity holds for adults, but not for children (in whom performance uniquely impacts subsequent self-efficacy beliefs, but not the reverse). Cross-lagged effects were stronger in studies which used methodologies consistent with recommendations of self-efficacy theorists.
Author Kate Talsma
Kate Talsma,,
, Benjamin Schüz
Benjamin Schüz,,
, Ralf Schwarzer (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Ralf Schwarzer,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Kimberly Norris
Kimberly Norris,,
Journal seriesLearning and Individual Differences, ISSN 1041-6080, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.7
Keywords in EnglishSelf-efficacy; Academic performance; Reciprocal effects; Cross-lagged panel analysis; Meta-analysis
ASJC Classification3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology; 3304 Education; 3207 Social Psychology
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S104160801730211X?via%3Dihub
Languageen angielski
I believe, therefore_tekst.pdf 938.13 KB
Additional file
Oświadczenie_publ_Schwarzer_DIGsigned.pdf 275.57 KB
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.335; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.42 (2) - 2017=2.262 (5)
Citation count*111 (2021-01-15)
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