More intelligent extraverts are more likely to deceive

Justyna Sarzyńska , Marcel Falkiewicz , Monika Riegel , Justyna Babula , Daniel S. Margulies , Edward Nęcka , Anna Grabowska , Iwona Szatkowska

Abstract

The tendency to lie is a part of personality. But are personality traits the only factors that make some people lie more often than others? We propose that cognitive abilities have equal importance. People with higher cognitive abilities are better, and thus more effective liars. This might reinforce using lies to solve problems. Yet, there is no empirical research that shows this relationship in healthy adults. Here we present three studies in which the participants had free choice about their honesty. We related differences in cognitive abilities and personality to the odds of lying. Results show that personality and intelligence are both important. People low on agreeableness and intelligent extraverts are most likely to lie. This suggests that intelligence might mediate the relationship between personality traits and lying frequency. While personality traits set general behavioral tendencies, intelligence and environment set boundaries.
Author Justyna Sarzyńska
Justyna Sarzyńska,,
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, Marcel Falkiewicz
Marcel Falkiewicz,,
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, Monika Riegel
Monika Riegel,,
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, Justyna Babula
Justyna Babula,,
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, Daniel S. Margulies
Daniel S. Margulies,,
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, Edward Nęcka
Edward Nęcka,,
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, Anna Grabowska (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Grabowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Iwona Szatkowska
Iwona Szatkowska,,
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Journal seriesPlos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol12
No4
Pages1-17
Publication size in sheets0.8
ASJC Classification1100 General Agricultural and Biological Sciences; 1300 General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0176591
URL https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176591
Languageen angielski
File
journal.pone.0176591.pdf 1.39 MB
Additional file
IMG_0336.JPG 734.93 KB
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.111; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.766 (2) - 2017=3.352 (5)
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