Meaning in life and physical health: systematic review and meta-analysis
Katarzyna Czekierda , Anna Banik , Crystal L. Park , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska
AbstractThis systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the associations between meaning in life and physical health using random-effects models. Conceptualisation of meaning (order in world vs. purpose in life), type of health indicators, participants’ health status, and age issues were investigated as moderators. Systematic searches of six databases resulted in inclusion of k = 66 studies (total N = 73,546). Findings indicated that meaning in life and physical health formed weak-tomoderate associations (the overall estimate of the average effect = 0.258). Conceptualisation of meaning, participants’ health status, and their age did not moderate these associations. Operationalisation of health moderated the relationship between meaning in life and health. The strongest associations were found for subjective indicators of physical health. Significant albeit weak associations between meaning in life and objective indices of health were found. Furthermore, stronger effects were observed when the measures of meaning combined items referring to meaning in life and meaning-related sense of harmony, peace, and well-being, compared to measures focusing solely on meaning in life. Overall, the results point to the potential role of meaning in life in explaining physical health.
|Journal series||Health Psychology Review, ISSN 1743-7199, (A 50 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.55|
|Keywords in English||Meaning in life; health; metaanalysis; purpose in life; cancer|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 2.803; : 2017 = 8.597 (2) - 2017=8.699 (5)|
|Citation count*||70 (2020-10-27)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.