Burnout as a State: Random-Intercept Cross-Lagged Relationship Between Exhaustion and Disengagement in a 10-Day Study

Beata Basińska , Ewa Gruszczyńska

Abstract

n/a
Author Beata Basińska
Beata Basińska,,
-
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie
Journal seriesPsychology Research and Behavior Management, ISSN 1179-1578, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol13
Pages267-278
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in original languageburnout, diary study, multilevel analysis, cross-lagged effect, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3200 General Psychology
Abstract in original languageBackground: Burnout has been traditionally seen as a chronic and stable state in response to prolonged stress. However, measures of momentary burnout are not well established, even though the within-person approach suggests that the symptoms of burnout may vary from day to day for the same employee. The aim of this study is to examine the daily inter- and intra-personal variability of the symptoms of burnout and the cross-lagged relationship between two components of burnout, exhaustion and disengagement. Methods: An online diary study over 10 consecutive workdays was conducted among 235 civil servants (75% women, average tenure of 15 years). Daily burnout was measured with the eight-item Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. Results: The intra-class correlation coefficients indicate that, although significant betweenperson variability exists, most of the burnout variance is within persons. Using the random intercept cross-lagged panel (RI-CLP) model to control for these between-person differences, mainly insignificant “pure” within-person cross-lagged relationships between exhaustion and disengagement were revealed. Moreover, day-to-day autoregressive effects were weaker than same-day residual correlations. Conclusion: This is one of the first studies to use daily diaries and the RI-CLP model to study burnout, including the separation of the more stable and more dynamic parts of each component. When stable parts were controlled for, the same-day relationships between exhaustion and disengagement were more pronounced than day-to-day effects. This might suggest stronger situational influences than carryover mechanism. Thus, conceptualizing burnout in terms of daily symptoms may shed promising insights into how it develops and add implications for pro-healthy changes in the workplace.
DOIDOI:10.2147/PRBM.S244397
URL https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S244397
Languageen angielski
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Burnout_as_a_State_Random-Intercept_skan.pdf 1.24 MB
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osw_GruszczynskaEwa.pdf 49.6 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.055; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.952 (2)
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