Gender, Body Image and Social Support: Biopsychosocial Determinants of Depression Among Patients with Psoriasis

Ewa Wojtyna , Patryk Łakuta , Kamil Marcinkiewicz , Beata Bergler-Czop , Beata Brzezińska-Wcisło

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the importance of psychosocial factors, such as emotional and instrumental social support, distress, and assumptions about appearance and its salience to one’s self-worth, and to relate these factors to depressive symptoms in patients with psoriasis, according to gender. A group of 219 patients with psoriasis, aged 18–70 years completed the Beck Depression Inventory, the Appearance Schemas Inventory-Revised, the Berlin Social Support Scales, and the Distress Thermometer. Body Surface Area index was used to assess the severity of psoriasis. The main contributors to depression were: female gender, beliefs about appearance and its salience to one’s self-worth, greater psychological distress, and lower levels of emotional social support. Therefore, improving the body image of patients with psoriasis, by reducing its salience in their personal lives, may play a role in the prevention of depression, especially in women.
Author Ewa Wojtyna
Ewa Wojtyna,,
-
, Patryk Łakuta (Wydział Psychologii)
Patryk Łakuta,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Kamil Marcinkiewicz
Kamil Marcinkiewicz,,
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, Beata Bergler-Czop
Beata Bergler-Czop,,
-
, Beata Brzezińska-Wcisło
Beata Brzezińska-Wcisło,,
-
Journal seriesActa Dermato-Venereologica, ISSN 0001-5555, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2017
No97
Pages91-97
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishpsoriasis; depression; distress; body image; social support; gender
ASJC Classification2708 Dermatology; 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.2340/00015555-2483
URL https://www.medicaljournals.se/acta/content/abstract/10.2340/00015555-2483
Languageen angielski
File
4768.pdf 334.35 KB
Score (nominal)40
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 15-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.151; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 3.127 (2) - 2017=3.718 (5)
Citation count*29 (2020-10-19)
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