Are Compassionate and Self-Image Goals Comparable across Cultures?

Dariusz Kuncewicz , Yu Niiya , Jennifer Crocker


This study tested whether compassionate goals to support others and self-image goals to maintain and defend desired self-images: 1) are equivalent constructs across three cultures (U.S., Japan, Poland); 2) overlap with interdependent self-construal; and 3) predict relationships and growth measures similarly in each country. We re-analyzed data from American (n = 130) and Japanese (n = 203) students, reported in Niiya et al. (2013), along with new data from Poland (n = 246). Single and multiple group confirmatory analyses showed that the two-factor structure holds across the three cultures. Interdependence correlated with compassionate and self-image goals only in Japan. In all three samples, compassionate goals correlated with non-zero-sum belief, feeling close, growth-seeking, self-compassion, and learning from failures, whereas self-image goals correlated with defensive responses to conflicts and validation-seeking. Our results suggest that compassionate and self-image goals may serve similar functions in relationships and growth across cultures.
Author Dariusz Kuncewicz (Wydział Psychologii)
Dariusz Kuncewicz,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Yu Niiya
Yu Niiya,,
, Jennifer Crocker
Jennifer Crocker,,
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishcompassionate goals; self-image goals; cultures
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
ppb-2015-0058.pdf 247.52 KB
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BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0107_001-4.pdf 17.12 KB
Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.297
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