Physical activity, body composition and general health status of physically active students of the University of the Third Age (U3A)

Izabela Zając-Gawlak , Dariusz Pośpiech , Aleksandra Kroemeke , Małgorzata Mossakowska , Aleš Gába , Jana Pelclová , Miroslava Přidalová , Barbara Kłapcińska

Abstract

AbstractObjective To evaluate general health status of a group of older adults, physically active students of the University of the Third Age (U3A), based on results of biochemical analyses of blood, assessment of their physical activity (PA) level, body composition and cognitive function with respect to age and sex. Methods A total of 104 students (85 women and 19 men, aged 63.7 ± 6.6 y) of the U3A's located in the Upper Silesia region of Poland volunteered to participate in this study. A habitual PA level and body composition were objectively assessed by using ActiGraph GT1M and InBody 720, respectively. Serum lipid profile and glucose metabolism markers were measured for assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Moreover, subjects' cognitive functions were tested. Results Most of the study participants reached the daily step goal of 10,000 steps and thus fulfilled the ACSM recommendations for the quantity and quality of cardiorespiratory exercise. Highly negative correlations between the number of steps per day and body adiposity markers, serum insulin and HOMA-IR confirmed that vigorous physical activity at the recommended level was associated with better body composition and lower levels of risk markers of coronary heart disease and diabetes. Most of the U3A students were characterized by a favorable lipid profile, prevalence of normal blood pressure, low rates of HOMA-estimated insulin resistance and normal cognitive function. Conclusion Adherence to ACSM recommendations is associated with beneficial changes in risk factors related to cardiovascular disease.
Author Izabela Zając-Gawlak
Izabela Zając-Gawlak,,
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, Dariusz Pośpiech
Dariusz Pośpiech,,
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, Aleksandra Kroemeke (Wydział Psychologii)
Aleksandra Kroemeke,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Małgorzata Mossakowska
Małgorzata Mossakowska,,
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, Aleš Gába
Aleš Gába,,
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, Jana Pelclová
Jana Pelclová,,
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, Miroslava Přidalová
Miroslava Přidalová,,
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, Barbara Kłapcińska
Barbara Kłapcińska,,
-
Journal seriesArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, ISSN 0167-4943, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2016
Vol64
Pages66-74
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in English Physical activity; Trunk actigraphy; Bioelectrical impedance analysis; Visceral fat area; Lipid ratios; Cognitive function
ASJC Classification2717 Geriatrics and Gerontology; 2909 Gerontology; 1302 Ageing; 3306 Health(social science)
DOIDOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2016.01.008
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494316300085
Languageen angielski
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Kroemeke,2016,s.1_Physical activity, body composition..-1.pdf 107.14 KB
Additional file
2017-03-14-10-48-25-007 (1).pdf 23.2 KB
Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.117; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.086 (2) - 2016=2.155 (5)
Citation count*26 (2020-09-19)
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