Attention to negative words predicts daily rumination among people with clinical depression: evidence from an eye tracking and daily diary study

Paweł Holas , Izabela Krejtz , Marzena Rusanowska , Natalia Rohnka , John Nezlek

Abstract

The present study examined relationships between attention to negative words and daily rumination and daily adjustment in a sample of clinically depressed individuals. We recorded eye movements of 43 individuals diagnosed with major depression while they were freely viewing dysphoric, threat-related, neutral, and positive words. Then, each day for one week, participants provided measures of their daily rumination and psychological adjustment. Multilevel analyses found that attention to dysphoric and threat-related words was positively related to daily rumination and attention to threat-related words was negatively related to daily adjustment. These findings suggest that the impaired ability to disengage from negative words is positively related to rumination in daily life and is negatively related to well-being, as defined in terms of Beck’s Triad
Author Paweł Holas
Paweł Holas,,
-
, Izabela Krejtz (Wydział Psychologii)
Izabela Krejtz,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Marzena Rusanowska
Marzena Rusanowska,,
-
, Natalia Rohnka (Wydział Psychologii)
Natalia Rohnka,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, John Nezlek (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
John Nezlek,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
Journal seriesCognition and Emotion, ISSN 0269-9931, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol33
No6
Pages1277-1283
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishRumination, attentional bias, eye movements, diary study
Keywords in original languageRumination, attentional bias, eye movements, diary study
ASJC Classification1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology; 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Abstract in original languageThe present study examined relationships between attention to negative words and daily rumination and daily adjustment in a sample of clinically depressed individuals. We recorded eye movements of 43 individuals diagnosed with major depression while they were freely viewing dysphoric, threat-related, neutral, and positive words. Then, each day for one week, participants provided measures of their daily rumination and psychological adjustment. Multilevel analyses found that attention to dysphoric and threat-related words was positively related to daily rumination and attention to threat-related words was negatively related to daily adjustment. These findings suggest that the impaired ability to disengage from negative words is positively related to rumination in daily life and is negatively related to well-being, as defined in terms of Beck’s Triad
DOIDOI:10.1080/02699931.2018.1541168
URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699931.2018.1541168?scroll=top&needAccess=true
Languageen angielski
Additional file
Attention oswiadczenie I Krejtz.pdf 220.67 KB
Attention oswiadczenie JB Nezlek.pdf 868.92 KB
Attention oswiadczenie N Rohnka.pdf 216.92 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.063; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.563 (2) - 2017=2.912 (5)
Citation count*4 (2020-06-19)
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