Associations of parental and child food and exercise aversion with child food intake and physical activity

Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska , Karolina Horodyska , Yiqun Gan , Carina K. Y. Chan , John Wiggers , Luke Wolfenden , Monika Boberska , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska

Abstract

Objective: The interplay between parental and child food and physical activity aversion, briefly defined as fear or avoidance of novelty or breaking from routine, may explain such child behaviors as inadequate food consumption and physical activity. Two studies were conducted to investigate the associations between child and parental food and physical activity aversion (child self-reported aversion, parentalreported aversion, and parental perceptions of child aversion) and child food intake and physical activity. Method: Parent– child dyads participated in 2 longitudinal studies. Study 1 (food aversion; the baseline [T1] and the 10-month follow-up [T2]) enrolled 924 dyads (1,848 individuals; 54.3% girls, aged 5–11 years old, 88.9% mothers). Study 2 (physical activity aversion; the baseline [T1] and the 7- to 8-month follow-up [T2]) enrolled 879 dyads (1,758 individuals; 52.4% girls, aged 5–11 years old, 83.2% mothers). There was no overlap between the samples enrolled in the two studies. Dyads completed self-report measures; child and parental body weight and height (for calculation of body mass index [BMI] as covariates/potential moderators) were measured objectively. Mediation analyses with 2 sequential mediators were performed. Results: The association between self-reported parental food aversion (T1) and child fruit and vegetable intake (T2) was mediated sequentially by parental perception of child food aversion (T1) and self-reported child food aversion (T2). The same pattern of associations was found for physical activity aversion. Child BMI did not moderate the hypothesized associations. Conclusions: High levels of parental and child aversion operated sequentially in explaining lower levels of child fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity.
Author Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta-Zajączkowska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Karolina Horodyska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Horodyska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Yiqun Gan
Yiqun Gan,,
-
, Carina K. Y. Chan
Carina K. Y. Chan,,
-
, John Wiggers
John Wiggers,,
-
, Luke Wolfenden
Luke Wolfenden,,
-
, Monika Boberska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Monika Boberska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Filia we Wrocławiu / II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- II Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesHealth Psychology, ISSN 0278-6133, e-ISSN 1930-7810, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol38
No12
Pages1116-1127
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishfood aversion, physical activity aversion, food intake, physical activity, parent– child dyads
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3202 Applied Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1037/hea0000799
Languageen angielski
File
Associations_tekst.pdf 397.73 KB
oswiadczenie_Zarychta.pdf 499.9 KB
oswiadczenie_Luszczynska.pdf 808.66 KB
oswiadczenie_assoctiation_boberska.pdf 579.86 KB
oswiadczenie_horodyska.pdf 727.88 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.621; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 3.177 (2) - 2017=4.122 (5)
Citation count*3 (2020-10-22)
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