Spatial and Spectral Auditory Temporal-Order Judgment (TOJ) Tasks in Elderly People Are Performed Using Different Perceptual Strategies

Elżbieta Szeląg , Katarzyna Jabłońska , Magdalena Piotrowska , Aneta Szymaszek , Hanna Bednarek

Abstract

The Temporal-Order Judgment (TOJ) paradigm has been widely investigated in previous studies as an accurate measure of temporal resolution and sequencing abilities in the millisecond time range. Two auditory TOJ tasks are often used: (1) a spatial TOJ task, in which two identical stimuli are presented in rapid succession monaurally and the task is to indicate which ear received the first stimulus and which ear received the second one (left-right or right-left), and (2) a spectral TOJ task, in which two tones of different frequencies are presented asynchronously to both ears binaurally and the task is to report the sequence of these tones (low-high or high-low). The previous literature studies conducted on young volunteers indicated that the measured temporal acuity on these two tasks depended on the procedure used. As considerable data are now available about age-related decline in temporal resolution ability, the aim of the present study was to compare in elderly subjects the pattern of performance on these two tasks. A total of 40 normal healthy volunteers aged from 62 to 78 years performed two TOJ tasks. The measurement was repeated in two consecutive sessions. Temporal resolution was indexed by the Auditory Temporal-Order Threshold (ATOT), i.e., the minimum time gap between successive stimuli necessary for a participant to report a before-after relation with 75% correctness. The main finding of the present study was the indication of differences in the elderly in performance on two tasks. In the spatial task, the distribution of obtained ATOT values did not deviate from the Gaussian distribution. In contrast, the distribution of data in the spectral task deviated significantly from the Gaussian and was spread more to the right. Although lower ATOT values were usually observed in Session 2 than in Session 1, such difference was significant only in the spectral task. We conclude that although temporal acuity and sequencing abilities in the millisecond time range are probably based in neuronal oscillatory activity, the measured ATOTs in the elderly seem to be stimulus-dependent, procedure-related, and influenced by the perceptual strategies used by participants
Author Elżbieta Szeląg
Elżbieta Szeląg,,
-
, Katarzyna Jabłońska (Wydział Psychologii)
Katarzyna Jabłońska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Magdalena Piotrowska
Magdalena Piotrowska,,
-
, Aneta Szymaszek
Aneta Szymaszek,,
-
, Hanna Bednarek (Wydział Psychologii)
Hanna Bednarek,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol9
No2557
Pages1-11
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishtemporal information processing, spatial task, spectral task, temporal-order judgment, aging, auditory temporal-order threshold
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02557
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02557/full
Languageen angielski
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Spatial and Spectral Auditory Temporal-Order Judgment (TOJ) Tasks in Elderly People Are Performed Using Different Perceptual Strategies.pdf 1.33 MB
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Oświadczenie_H.Bednarek_Spatial and Spectral.pdf 28.15 KB
Oświadczenie_K.Jabłońska_Spatial and Spectral.pdf 25.05 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.006; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.089 (2) - 2017=2.749 (5)
Citation count*3 (2020-08-02)
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