Relationship between alexithymia and variability of blood pressure measured with ABPM in hypertensive patients

Małgorzata Piotrowska-Półrolnik , Paweł Holas , Izabela Krejtz , Bartosz Symonides

Abstract

Objective Studies indicates that dysregulation of emotions plays an important role in the etiology of elevated blood pressure (BP). One of the signatures of emotional dysregulation is alexithymia defined as an impaired ability to experience and express emotions. Previous work indicated that primary hypertension (HT) is marked by higher alexithymia, but little research examined the relationship between alexithymia and variability of evaluated BP with 24 h Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) in HT patients. Method Fifty-five participants diagnosed with hypertension and a matched group of thirty-nine healthy participants filled in The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), a clinical-demographic questionnaire, and were assessed with 24 h ABPM. Results After removing those with white coat HT, as expected, hypertensive individuals had a higher total score and all three alexithymia subscales. Furthermore, alexithymia was positively correlated with average values of systolic BP. Conclusion These findings provided support for the contention that alexithymia is associated with elevated BP, the higher level of alexithymia the higher systolic BP in 24 h BP measurement. Future studies may examine the causal relationship between alexithymia and HT and evaluate the effectiveness of emotional regulation training interventions to reduce BP in people suffering from primary hypertension.
Author Małgorzata Piotrowska-Półrolnik (Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie)
Małgorzata Piotrowska-Półrolnik,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie
, Paweł Holas (USSH)
Paweł Holas,,
- SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities
, Izabela Krejtz (Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie)
Izabela Krejtz,,
- Wydział Psychologii w Warszawie
, Bartosz Symonides
Bartosz Symonides,,
-
Journal seriesGeneral Hospital Psychiatry, ISSN 0163-8343, e-ISSN 1873-7714, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol60
Pages1-5
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2019.04.014
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0163834319300106?via%3Dihub
Languageen angielski
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Relationship between alexithymia and variability of blood pressure.pdf 377.78 KB
Additional file
Scan p.Piotrowska-Półrolnik.pdf 193.86 KB
Scan Izabela Krejtz.pdf 195.41 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.114; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.989 (2) - 2017=3.082 (5)
Citation count*1 (2020-07-06)
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