Paradoxical effect of social support among people living with HIV: A diary study investigating the buffering hypothesis

Marcin Rzeszutek , Ewa Gruszczyńska


Objective The aim of this study was to examine the buffering role of time-varying received and provided support in the relationship between stress and end-of-day mood among people living with HIV. In addition, the moderating role of intimate relationships in this buffering effect was verified. Methods The participants included 115 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HIV infection. The data were collected using an online diary method. For five consecutive days (from Monday to Friday), participants completed an online time-stamped questionnaire in the evening to assess their end-of day-mood, stress related to a central hassle on any given day and social support that was received and provided. Results The results of the multilevel analysis showed that daily provided, but not received, support had the following partial buffering effect: the association between negative affect and stress was weaker on days with higher support provision. However, this effect was limited to those participants who were in an intimate relationship; the opposite effect was observed in single participants. Conclusion These findings suggest that the buffering effect of daily support may be modified by other social resources, such as being in an intimate relationship, and when they are not available, it can even become detrimental.
Author Marcin Rzeszutek
Marcin Rzeszutek,,
, Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesJournal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishHIV, Diary study, Social support, Stress, Affect
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3203 Clinical Psychology
Languageen angielski
Rzeszutek, Gruszczyńska_ Paradoxical effect of support among PLWH.pdf 383.11 KB
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PUBLIKACJE - oświadczenie_04.2018.pdf 179.08 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.297; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.947 (2) - 2017=3.377 (5)
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