Teaching the nation: history and nationalism in Polish school history education

Krzysztof Jaskułowski , Piotr Majewski , Adrianna Surmiak


This article aims to analyse Polish history teachers’ understanding of the role of teaching history. Drawing on the results of qualitative research conducted in Wroclaw, we argue that teachers see history education through the prism of nationalism. Teachers construct the past in equivocally nationalist terms. They regard nationalist representations of the past as taken for granted. Moreover, teachers reproduce a dominant nationalist discourse by using history to promote the idea of the homogeneous nation. We argue that teachers see their role primarily in terms of imposing the dominant structures of collective memory on the pupils. We also discuss the differences between teachers pertaining to the understanding of the concept of the nation, the way of teaching Polish history and the type of obligation towards the nation. We also demonstrate that teachers do not see a contradiction between history defined as an objective science and history understood as a ‘nationalising’ tool.
Author Krzysztof Jaskułowski (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Krzysztof Jaskułowski,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Piotr Majewski (Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych i Społecznych)
Piotr Majewski,,
- Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych i Społecznych
, Adrianna Surmiak
Adrianna Surmiak,,
Journal seriesBritish Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, e-ISSN 1465-3346, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2017
Volonline first
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in EnglishHistory education; teachers; qualitative study; Poland; nationalism; nation
ASJC Classification3312 Sociology and Political Science; 3304 Education
URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01425692.2017.1304205
Languageen angielski
8. Teaching the Nation BJSE Jaskułowski.pdf 1.05 MB
P. Majewski Teaching the nation history and nationalism in Polish school history education - oświadczenie.pdf 185.51 KB
Additional file
Jaskułowski_teaching_2017_onlinefirst.pdf 152.35 KB
Not used for evaluationyes
Score (nominal)0
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.249; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.504 (2) - 2017=2.17 (5)
Citation count*10 (2020-02-01)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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