Between universalistic and defensive forms of group attachment. The indirect effects of national identification on intergroup forgiveness
Katarzyna Hamer , Marta Penczek-Zapała , Bilewicz Michał
AbstractUsually, national identification is negatively related to intergroup forgiveness, but several studies found no relation between these variables. In order to examine this inconsistency, we conducted a study on a nationwide sample of Polish adults (N = 1006). We analyzed two ways in which national identification is connected to reconciliation: a general sense of belonging and openness to others (shared with supranational identifications, e.g., human) positively predicting intergroup forgiveness, and the more specific sense of ingroup distinctiveness and superiority (shared with collective narcissism and other defensive forms of identification), negatively predicting willingness to forgive. The results confirmed the dual character of national identification in relation to intergroup forgiveness and showed that collective narcissism and human identification are parallel suppressors of the relationship between national identification and intergroup forgiveness. Blind patriotism played only a minor role in this relationship, and constructive patriotism was unrelated to intergroup forgiveness
|Journal series||Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Intergroup forgivenessNational identificationHuman identificationCollective narcissismConstructive patriotismBlind patriotismGroup attachment|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.183; : 2017 = 1.967 (2) - 2017=2.39 (5)|
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