Between universalistic and defensive forms of group attachment. The indirect effects of national identification on intergroup forgiveness

Katarzyna Hamer , Marta Penczek-Zapała , Bilewicz Michał


Usually, national identification is negatively related to intergroup forgiveness, but several studies found no relation between these variables. In order to examine this inconsistency, we conducted a study on a nationwide sample of Polish adults (N = 1006). We analyzed two ways in which national identification is connected to reconciliation: a general sense of belonging and openness to others (shared with supranational identifications, e.g., human) positively predicting intergroup forgiveness, and the more specific sense of ingroup distinctiveness and superiority (shared with collective narcissism and other defensive forms of identification), negatively predicting willingness to forgive. The results confirmed the dual character of national identification in relation to intergroup forgiveness and showed that collective narcissism and human identification are parallel suppressors of the relationship between national identification and intergroup forgiveness. Blind patriotism played only a minor role in this relationship, and constructive patriotism was unrelated to intergroup forgiveness
Author Katarzyna Hamer
Katarzyna Hamer,,
, Marta Penczek-Zapała (Wydział Psychologii)
Marta Penczek-Zapała,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Bilewicz Michał
Bilewicz Michał,,
Journal seriesPersonality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishIntergroup forgivenessNational identificationHuman identificationCollective narcissismConstructive patriotismBlind patriotismGroup attachment
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
Hamer&Penczek&Bilewicz2018[3681].pdf 339.23 KB
Additional file
Afiliacja _Penczek Zapala.pdf 27.66 KB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.183; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.967 (2) - 2017=2.39 (5)
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