Emotional intelligence and dyadic satisfaction buffer the negative effect of stress on prenatal anxiety and depressive symptoms in Chinese women who are pregnant with twins

Wenyang Fu , Lea O. Wilhelm , Yuan Wei , Guangyu Zhou , Ralf Schwarzer

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy-related stress in women who are pregnant with twins, may increase the risk of adverse emotional outcomes such as depressive symptoms and anxiety. Possible protective coping resources of pregnant women could be their socio-economic background, their marital relationship quality (dyadic satisfaction), or their emotional intelligence. Objectives: The study aims at exploring the mechanisms by which protective factors are associated with pregnancy-related stress and adverse emotional outcomes such as depression and anxiety. Methods and Design: Hospitals in Beijing, China, provided questionnaire data from 134 women who were pregnant with twins. Pregnancy-related stress, anxiety, depression, and three resource factors (socio-economic status, emotional intelligence, and dyadic marital satisfaction) were measured. Results: The experience of pregnancy-related stress mediated between resource factors and adverse consequences. While some socio-economic background variables had a main effect, personal and social resources exerted a buffer effect: emotional intelligence as well as dyadic satisfaction buffered the negative effects of stress on prenatal anxiety and depressive symptoms, respectively. Conclusions: A unique mechanism was identified that may explain how protective coping resources are associated with psychosocial stress and adverse outcomes in pregnant at-risk women. Future studies should substantiate this finding using longitudinal research designs.
Author Wenyang Fu
Wenyang Fu,,
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, Lea O. Wilhelm
Lea O. Wilhelm,,
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, Yuan Wei
Yuan Wei,,
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, Guangyu Zhou
Guangyu Zhou,,
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, Ralf Schwarzer (Filia we Wrocławiu / Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu)
Ralf Schwarzer,,
- Wydział Psychologii we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesAnxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, [Anxiety, Stress and Coping, Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal], ISSN 1061-5806, e-ISSN 1477-2205, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol33
No4
Pages466-478
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in EnglishPregnancy-specific stress; anxiety; depression; marital satisfaction; emotional intelligence; coping
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3203 Clinical Psychology; 3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1080/10615806.2020.1745193
Languageen angielski
File
Emotional_tekst.pdf 1.59 MB
PublicationStatementEnglish2020Schwarzer.pdf 215.11 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.87; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.064 (2) - 2017=2.487 (5)
Citation count*1 (2020-10-26)
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