Measuring young people’s citizenship activity

Beata Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz , Anna Zalewska


In this article we present a different approach to citizenship research and understanding, with a focus on the citizenship model described by Zalewska and Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz in a study included in this thematic issue of CTL. The model developed by Zalewska and Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz consists of eight types of citizenship behaviour defined in three dimensions: (1) passive citizenship (including national identity and patriotism); (2) semi-active citizenship (civic virtues and loyalty); and (3) active citizenship (political, social, personal and change-oriented activity). A 34-question Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) was used to evaluate students’ citizenship behaviours on a scale of 1 (strongly disagree) to 4 (strongly agree). Research was conducted in fourteen European countries with a total sample of 4920 students aged 11–12 (early adolescence, 1526 students), 14–15 (middle adolescence, 1675 students) and 17–18 (late adolescence, 1719 students), consisting of 2502 girls and 2418 boys living in cities (2300) and towns (2620). Details of the research procedure and research team and comparison between countries are also presented
Author Beata Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz
Beata Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz,,
, Anna Zalewska (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
Anna Zalewska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
Journal seriesCitizenship Teaching and Learning, ISSN 1751-1917, (B 3 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.9
Keywords in Englishcitizenship activity,citizenship research,citizenship model,Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire,young people
ASJC Classification3300 General Social Sciences
Languageen angielski
Zalewska A_Measuring_art_2017.pdf 547.06 KB
Additional file
Zalewska A_osw_4 art in Citizenship_2017.pdf 257.86 KB
Score (nominal)3
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.494
Citation count*
Share Share

Get link to the record

* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Are you sure?